Gregory the Great, (Pope) (St.)


Gregory the Great, (Pope) (St.)
(c. 540, Rome – 12 March 604, Rome)
   Pope from 590, St. Gregory reformed the liturgy by importing certain Byzantine practices such as singing the Kyrie and Alleluias outside the Easter season. He may have founded or reorganized the Roman Schola Cantorum. A preface in an eighth-century chant book from Monza names Gregory as the composer of the music. Pope Leo IV (847–855) referred to Gregoriana carmina in a letter making this kind of chant, now "Gregorian," compulsory.
   See also Gregorian Chant.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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